What are the properties of ceramic tiles?

Posted on 2022/01/11

Terrace with pool Parker

This article will explain some of the properties that make ceramic tiles an ideal material to be used both indoors and outdoors, in pavements, walls or facades, being highly decorative and easily combinable with any style of interior design or architecture.


Modern interior courtyard decorated with white veined ceramics and garden with plants and white stone.

Allure - La Platera


Ceramic is a product made from natural clays and other mineral components. Once the piece is shaped, it is fired at high temperature, resulting in the ceramic we know these days: sustainable, durable, fireproof and hygienic.


Ceramic is widely used in architecture, as it is a very resistant, recyclable material with a high aesthetic value. Because of its geometry, since tiles have regular dimensions, it is used both for floor and wall tiling.


Two examples of a shop decorated with neutral ceramics.

Venus Crema-Igneus Stone Saloni


Throughout history, ceramics has been able to successfully meet the demands of both architecture and markets, creating a highly innovative product capable of fulfilling the requirements of both architectural and interior design projects. Its modularity, reliefs and designs allow for the creation of natural and creative compositions.


High resistance ceramic flooring for busy shops.

Esplendor Steel - Grespania


Going a little deeper into the properties of ceramic tile, a number of characteristics that can hardly be beaten by other building materials are to be highlighted.


1 Durability: 


When we consider a work, whether it be renovation or new construction, we must carefully consider the materials we are going to choose and how they will be affected by the course of time. The properties of the ceramic tile are such that we do not need to be concerned, since ceramic tiles are unalterable to the action of water and humidity, sunlight and heat. This means that tiles will not undergo color changes or deformation over the years, as is the case with other materials that are commonly used in construction.


Living room decorated with white porcelain marble with golden veins.

Aura - Bestile


2 Scratch resistance: 


One of the concerns or reasons for changing flooring is the wear or scratches that can occur in some materials. Ceramic is a highly resistant product that can even resist the abrasion of beach sand. Other materials such as natural wood or wood flooring tend to face difficulties when it comes to maintaining their look unaltered.


Terrace by the sea decorated with brown ceramic tiles.

Oria Chocolate - Exagres


3 Fireproof: 


One of the problems that some products on the market show is their behavior with fire. Ceramics is fireproof and prevents the spread of fire. It does not burn or melt, even if it is in direct contact with fire. When a fire occurs, the flame in contact with a flammable surface containing toxic substances can burn it and cause the emission of noxious fumes which develop when in contact with heat. Ceramic, on the other hand, does not contain plastic and does not otherwise emit toxic fumes.


Living room with oak-coloured porcelain wood flooring and black iron suspended fireplace.

Selva Abeto - Grespania


4 Recyclable: 


Ceramics can introduce recycled material from ceramic waste created during the production process. Therefore, many of the models available contain recycled material in its internal composition, which means that the product is sustainable and circular. Throughout the manufacturing process of the ceramic product, actions such as wastewater recovery, energy self-consumption and reduction of CO2 emissions, etc. are undertaken. All this makes ceramics a sustainable material that helps to reduce the use of natural resources. More info 


5 Stable and hygienic: 


It has been proven that ceramics remains unaltered by chemical attack, and is considered to be a safe and sustainable solution, both for indoor and outdoor use. In addition, it allows for a rational use of disinfectant products, which in many cases have been identified as hazardous to both human health and the environment. On the other hand, innovation has made it possible to create ceramic surfaces with bacteria-killing properties. Although ceramic tiles are easy to clean per se, antibacterial treatments are capable of inhibiting the growth of bacteria, fungi and yeasts. More info


Contemporary kitchen/living room with large porcelain tiles.

Solo Dove y Solo Warm - XTONE


6 Easy installation: 


Installing ceramic on the different surfaces in the building site is something usual and the skilled professionals are specialized in doing so. They know the ceramic product to perfection and how to install it so that it aesthetically works adequately with the rest of the work. They also are familiar with the bonding materials that will make the installed product last longer and look better.


"Ceramic is a safe material that can be easily integrated with any style of interior design or architecture."

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